[-empyre-] Xa Communication

Jonathan Marshall Jonathan.Marshall at uts.edu.au
Fri Oct 12 18:24:36 EST 2012


Basic factors of any communication

1) Communication is not always easy, or always beneficial. Rather than being an exchange of information, communication involves people with interacting interpretations. Interpretation involves each participant bringing a ‘framing’ to the message which gives a context in which the message will be anchored for them. Framing is not always agreed upon; it may be subject to competition, to deliberate bias, or it may be unconscious. Among other things, framing involves the interpreters’ expectation of what type of person the other person is, and of what they are or will be, communicating. 

Interpretation therefore tends to involve clichés about the ‘information’ or ‘identity’ group that the other people belong to, and these clichés will vary depending on our own information groups. The communicator themselves may not always regard themselves as belonging to the group that they are being assigned to by the other, which leads to further disruption of communication - and further sense  of dislocation. If the interpreters’ own group and the communicators’ perceived group are in conflict, then hostile stereotyping will tend to apply, and the participants have a large tendency to be perceived as in conflict. The more intense the conflict then the higher the chance that interpretation will diverge from intention. Almost all messages are ambiguous, with many possible meanings.

2) Communication can be more about gaining an expected or desired response from the other than it is about conveying information. We may here think of thinks like words of command, or phatic communication – this mutual presence does not have to be hostile, but it in the sense that it aims at a response, it is about power, subordination, resistance and politics, and can easily shift into causing hurt whether intentionally or not.

Again hurt does not have to be intended to eventuate


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