[-empyre-] Week 3 on -empyre-: Week 3 Internet/Online Representation

Anna Everett everett at filmandmedia.ucsb.edu
Sun Apr 19 06:55:50 AEST 2015


I like Kishonna's response to Aphid. Archive studies is huge in the
humanities and quite popular in digital humanities (DH) circles also.
What I appreciate about your remark Kishonna, is broaching the issue
of developing trust in big data and data mining processes, and
projects. I appreciate the technological feats of such
information/data gathering and retrieval, certainly for historical
preservation purposes.

At the same time, as Kishonna points out, lessons from the Nixon tapes
(or gaps therein) remind us to ask questions, and give your interest,
Aphid, in the politics of archives, I am sure matters of selective
inclusion or editing are always in question. Still, it is wonderful to
hear these voices--on demand--as a matter of course (once
accessibility is available).

I also like Soraya's questions about the incompatibility of critical
discourse analysis of identity politics and multiculturalism with
contemporary advanced communication studies. While I recognize the
imperative to separate these, I am not convinced that they are
incompatible. I will return to this point in my next post.


On Fri, Apr 17, 2015 at 7:30 PM, Gray, Kishonna <Kishonna.Gray at eku.edu> wrote:
> ----------empyre- soft-skinned space----------------------
> Aphid! Your work is fascinating and so timely. I am particularly interested in how selective data is available, or rather not available. I wonder what influences some information to be accessible while others are not. I can guess a few reasons why. Maybe some of our ‘interrogation’ practices borderline criminality! And of course the data could also reveal the disparity in practices by maybe culture (maybe more extreme with let’s say Muslims!).
>
> I do wonder the level of trust you have in these recordings and this data? Who provides this data? How much ‘editing’ is involved in this? I guess I’m thinking back to ‘Nixon style’ tapes. With huge segments redacted and blank. Have you experienced this type of data or is it clean?
>
>
> ________________________________________
> From: empyre-bounces at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au <empyre-bounces at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au> on behalf of empyre-request at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au <empyre-request at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au>
> Sent: Friday, April 17, 2015 10:00 PM
> To: empyre at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au
> Subject: empyre Digest, Vol 124, Issue 15
>
> Send empyre mailing list submissions to
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>
> ----------empyre- soft-skinned space----------------------
>
> Today's Topics:
>
>    1. In response to Dr. Brock (Gray, Kishonna)
>    2. Re: In response to Dr. Brock (Soraya Murray)
>    3. Re: In response to Dr. Brock (Anna Everett)
>
>
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------
>
> Message: 1
> Date: Fri, 17 Apr 2015 02:25:24 +0000
> From: "Gray, Kishonna" <Kishonna.Gray at eku.edu>
> To: "empyre at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au"
>         <empyre at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au>
> Subject: [-empyre-] In response to Dr. Brock
> Message-ID:
>         <b831fce5ed9d4679987402d3d01350e3 at fsmail-perkins.facultystaff.eku.edu>
> Content-Type: text/plain; charset="Windows-1252"
>
> What fascinates me the most with Black Twitter, and other modes of production by users of color, is the insistence on doing on their own terms.  As Andre highlights, there is an insistence on ?proper? political uses of services like Twitter. But the cultural appropriation of the service, in addition to others, highlights the innovative methods and practices employed by marginalized users inside technology to not only sustain their own communities on their own terms, but also to resist the dominant narrative.  This is a core tenet of Black Cyberfeminism.
>
> Andre poses some very interesting questions that can help us frame our discussion of online representations.  Reading the first question had me immediately thinking, ? yes andre, we are what we tweet!?  Online representations are simply an extension of our physical selves.  I feel this current era of technological diffusion is even more significant than previous generations of media dissemination.  For instance, it was ONCE possible to leave technology behind (radio, TV, etc).  Because we are constantly wired, we have to examine our phones, or social media sites, our websites and blogs are extensions of our identities. They matter.
>
> And to answer your second question, ABSOLUTELY! Funny that you mention the need for an examination into Whiteness: I realize that with my own work in Xbox Live, I only have a partial story.  Of course it is important to begin privileging the voices of the marginalized, but we have to examine, ?why are they in fact marginalized.? Examining the ?culprit? if you will within the space will reveal so much more than just focusing on the narratives of the oppressed.  So yes Whiteness must be examined!  So we look forward to seeing your examination of #alllivesmatter Dr. Brock! :)
>
> And you are correct in your assessment of Brenda?s commentary.  I too was troubled with her overview for the same reasons you mention.  And I wrote a blog about gaming cultures complicity in creating GamerGate (sorry for the self-shout out but you can preview it here: http://www.kishonnagray.com/my-blog-manifestmy-reality/gaming-culture-created-gamergate).  I might add that this was not a popular piece! But there is a direct correlation in XBL gamer behavior and GG behavior.  So I don?t know what most people were so shocked about.  Women experience that on the regular in XBL.
>
> Kishonna
>
>
>
> ________________________________________
> From: empyre-bounces at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au <empyre-bounces at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au> on behalf of empyre-request at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au <empyre-request at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au>
> Sent: Thursday, April 16, 2015 10:00 PM
> To: empyre at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au
> Subject: empyre Digest, Vol 124, Issue 14
>
> Send empyre mailing list submissions to
>         empyre at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au
>
> To subscribe or unsubscribe via the World Wide Web, visit
>         http://lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au/mailman/listinfo/empyre
> or, via email, send a message with subject or body 'help' to
>         empyre-request at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au
>
> You can reach the person managing the list at
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>
> When replying, please edit your Subject line so it is more specific
> than "Re: Contents of empyre digest..."
>
>
> ----------empyre- soft-skinned space----------------------
>
> Today's Topics:
>
>    1. Week 3: Online Representation (Gray, Kishonna)
>    2. Re: Welcome to Week 3 on -empyre-: Internet/Online
>       Representation (Andre Brock)
>    3. Re: Welcome to Week 3 on -empyre-: Internet/Online
>       Representation (abram stern (aphid))
>    4. Re: Welcome to Week 3 on -empyre-: Internet/Online
>       Representation (Soraya Murray)
>
>
> ----------------------------------------------------------------------
>
> Message: 1
> Date: Thu, 16 Apr 2015 02:35:28 +0000
> From: "Gray, Kishonna" <Kishonna.Gray at eku.edu>
> To: "empyre at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au"
>         <empyre at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au>
> Cc: "Gray, Kishonna" <Kishonna.Gray at eku.edu>
> Subject: [-empyre-] Week 3: Online Representation
> Message-ID:
>         <686ae094e18b4b1696ab755d0458fcf9 at fsmail-perkins.facultystaff.eku.edu>
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> ------------------------------
>
> Message: 2
> Date: Thu, 16 Apr 2015 00:41:11 -0400
> From: Andre Brock <brocka at umich.edu>
> To: soft_skinned_space <empyre at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au>
> Subject: Re: [-empyre-] Welcome to Week 3 on -empyre-: Internet/Online
>         Representation
> Message-ID:
>         <CAOxyg-ycD4ab5ONGv7DxHeC2vgZM=D85tQjXNPU8yQSoHe4RFw at mail.gmail.com>
> Content-Type: text/plain; charset="utf-8"
>
> Hello, all!
>
> Thank you for inviting me to this discussion, and "hey!" to my co-panelists
> this week!
>
>
> My intellectual investment in this area has changed over the last decade.
> When I first started researching online Black identities, my intention was
> to follow the path blazed by folk like Dr. Everett, Alondra Nelson, and
> Lisa Nakamura - to highlight that minorities (in my case, African
> Americans) were always already part of the burgeoning online spaces hailed
> as Web 2.0.  I felt then, as i do now, that it's important to interrogate
> digital interfaces for the meanings their designers impose, while also
> mining discourses created by users of those interfaces to see how they
> adapt themselves to the new medium.  Over the last few years, i've examined
> browsers, video games, and Twitter to see how digital representations of
> Black identity have been composed, contested, and destroyed.
>
> Given the proliferation of attention towards Black digital activity over
> the last few years, from the Commander-in-Chief on down to Black Twitter
> and even back to HotGhettoMess.com, I've become interested in a different
> take on Black online representation.
>
> As more and more Blacks access online spaces, segments of Black online
> users have begun to articulate a growing technocultural politics of
> respectability.  The "New" New Blacks (h/t Ms. Anna) are much more
> interested in political and polite representations of Blackness online, and
> in the process deprecate the gossip blogs, ugly BlackPlanet pages, and
> ratchet-ass tweets and images that signaled the spread of Black culture to
> online venues.  My current work has me investigating the way that
> perceptions and arguments about Black Twitter use have shifted over the
> last few years - from celebrations of folk culture and 'individual'
> blackness to an insistence on 'proper' political uses of the service.
>
>
>
> I'm especially pleased to be part of this discussion, as I have of late
> been pondering my role/stake as an internet researcher pursuing questions
> of African American identity in various digital spaces.  I have three
> questions about identity, representation, and the digital/Internet that are
> pulling in me in multiple directions, and it is my hope that my
> articulation of them can push this conversation in interesting directions.
>
> 1) Whither identity in post-PC, post-racial (heh) cyberculture and the
> continual fragmentation of online representation?  Are we our devices?  Our
> wearables?  Our profiles?
>
> 2) Isn't it past time that research into performances of identity and
> online representation start addressing Whiteness?  Particularly in the
> light of GamerGate, MRAs, and #alllivesmatter, where is the corresponding
> research into how racial ideologies shape White online identity, especially
> since the aforementioned online movements draw heavily upon
> digitally-mediated beliefs about race and gender?
>
> Brenda Laurel's excellent commentary last week referenced race and
> GamerGate, but I am always troubled when deviant activities are assumed to
> be perpetrated by deviant society members.  Brenda's (if i may be so bold)
> argument that GamerGaters are men with "poor educations and a degree of
> poverty" seems to let 'brogrammers', Kleiner Perkins VCs, and other highly
> educated wealthy white (and non-whites afflicted by false consciousness
> (yeah, I said it) men and women off the hook.  Just like Klansmen were
> usually highly respected businessmen in their communities, much of the
> racist and sexist online activities we see daily are done by elites, not
> just by the dispossessed.
>
> *Kishonna, i know that your work addresses race and gender specifically WRT
> gaming, but (correct me if i'm wrong) not many folk are making connections
> between XBL gamer behavior and GamerGater behavior.*
>
> 3) With the maturation of minority political activism in social networks
> (#blacklivesmatter) and near parity in material access/broadband access
> through mobile devices, is it time for new media/internet research to move
> past online identity politics and online representation?  /sarcasm
> If so, where do we go from here?
>
> That's all i have for now...i look forward to seeing what's on the minds of
> my co-panelists and the empyre audience.  Thanks for having me!
>
> PS - Ms. Anna, congrats on the new publication!
>
>>
>>
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> ------------------------------
>
> Message: 3
> Date: Thu, 16 Apr 2015 02:55:51 -0700
> From: "abram stern (aphid)" <aphid at ucsc.edu>
> To: soft_skinned_space <empyre at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au>
> Subject: Re: [-empyre-] Welcome to Week 3 on -empyre-: Internet/Online
>         Representation
> Message-ID:
>         <CAPseEoB+qMsFuP4-eWFC6d+QBNYpwFOR7oKg0pet-J71b=DO+w at mail.gmail.com>
> Content-Type: text/plain; charset="utf-8"
>
> Hi all, excited to be part of the discussion here.  Thanks, Soraya, for the
> invitation!
>
> My work primarily addresses the politics of the archive, particularly
> looking at how the material of public media (in particular,
> government-produced, public domain documents) are produced/reproduced and
> distributed.  I'm interested in the way in which democratic institutions
> present themselves, through online archives and collections, to their
> publics.  Most of my projects have been implemented as prototypes, trying
> to imagine how open and participatory archives might operate in the same
> institutional context as what I critique.  I'm increasingly interested in
> how these records provide opportunities to re-present, reconfigure and
> detourn the performance of politics into more critical engagements with
> issues these institutions seem unable to address on their own.
>
> I'm about a year into my current project, The Unreliable Interrogator,
> which is still very much a work in progress.  It's a return to internet art
> for me after a decade of more traditional research projects and
> prototypes.  The Interrogator's focus is the online Hearing Archive of US
> Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI).  The SSCI is the main
> oversight body of the US intelligence apparatus (oversight denoting both
> the act of overseeing and a failure to notice).  The Committee's website,
> which still bears a Copyright notice from 2006, only lists hearings from
> 2009 forward despite containing hearing data back to 2002 (if you know
> where to look!).  Hearing videos exist, but hide behind broken and absent
> links.
>
> The first part of this project is a process of media archaeology and
> interrogation: locating and downloading videos, testimony PDFs and
> associated metadata (witness names, titles and so on) and converting, when
> necessary, to more legible or open formats before publishing to the
> Internet Archive.  This excavation serves as a platform -- for media reuse
> but also for critique: an interrogation of mediality, the formats deployed
> by the committees are also products of ideology and deserve scrutiny for
> the way in which they delimit who may read, write and archive content
> through the use of Digital Rights Management, network throttling and other
> methods.
>
> The second part of the project uses the reconstituted archive discussed
> above as a platform for a different mode of media interrogation.  Using
> widely available tools and public APIs, I am deploying visual, auditory and
> textual analysis on records of the SSCI.  One mode utilizes facial feature
> detection, locating a speaker's face in video through which various
> demographic information can be derived (race, gender, age -- very
> unreliably) and compared against witness and committee composition data
> (all white, until this year when Hirono joined the Committee). Another
> visual analytic mode uses cut detection to determine when camera changes
> occur, which also signal a change in speaker, allowing for a rough mapping
> of the discursive shape of a hearing.  An audio analytic searches for
> content that won't occur in a transcript, off-mic chuckles, breathing, and
> silence.  Testimony PDF text is compared against a list of terms the
> Department of Homeland Security apparently uses to monitor social networks
> for threats.
>
> This "work" is distributed, and takes place in the web browser of each
> visitor for as long as they let it run, in a way like SETI @ HOME (I
> suppose both seek intelligence in unlikely locations /rimshot); data
> gathered is broadcast to a server which will collect and publish reports
> nightly.    I'm reluctant to link to things that barely or don't work, but
> here's a prototype of the audio analysis module that should run in an up to
> date chrome or firefox: http://unreliable.interrogator.us/sound/ht.html
>
> In terms of key challenges, I've been stuck on something Trevor Paglen said
> at UC Berkeley last year at an event on Pan-Optics: (paraphrasing; the talk
> wasn't recorded)  "Representational media is slowly being replaced by
> operational media, which is made for and by machines with us as its
> subjects and targets."
>
> There's more, but this is already running longer (and later!) than I
> intended. Looking forward to the discussion!
>
> Best regards,
> Aphid
>
> On Wed, Apr 15, 2015 at 9:41 PM, Andre Brock <brocka at umich.edu> wrote:
>
>> ----------empyre- soft-skinned space----------------------
>> Hello, all!
>>
>> Thank you for inviting me to this discussion, and "hey!" to my
>> co-panelists this week!
>>
>>
>> My intellectual investment in this area has changed over the last decade.
>> When I first started researching online Black identities, my intention was
>> to follow the path blazed by folk like Dr. Everett, Alondra Nelson, and
>> Lisa Nakamura - to highlight that minorities (in my case, African
>> Americans) were always already part of the burgeoning online spaces hailed
>> as Web 2.0.  I felt then, as i do now, that it's important to interrogate
>> digital interfaces for the meanings their designers impose, while also
>> mining discourses created by users of those interfaces to see how they
>> adapt themselves to the new medium.  Over the last few years, i've examined
>> browsers, video games, and Twitter to see how digital representations of
>> Black identity have been composed, contested, and destroyed.
>>
>> Given the proliferation of attention towards Black digital activity over
>> the last few years, from the Commander-in-Chief on down to Black Twitter
>> and even back to HotGhettoMess.com, I've become interested in a different
>> take on Black online representation.
>>
>> As more and more Blacks access online spaces, segments of Black online
>> users have begun to articulate a growing technocultural politics of
>> respectability.  The "New" New Blacks (h/t Ms. Anna) are much more
>> interested in political and polite representations of Blackness online, and
>> in the process deprecate the gossip blogs, ugly BlackPlanet pages, and
>> ratchet-ass tweets and images that signaled the spread of Black culture to
>> online venues.  My current work has me investigating the way that
>> perceptions and arguments about Black Twitter use have shifted over the
>> last few years - from celebrations of folk culture and 'individual'
>> blackness to an insistence on 'proper' political uses of the service.
>>
>>
>>
>> I'm especially pleased to be part of this discussion, as I have of late
>> been pondering my role/stake as an internet researcher pursuing questions
>> of African American identity in various digital spaces.  I have three
>> questions about identity, representation, and the digital/Internet that are
>> pulling in me in multiple directions, and it is my hope that my
>> articulation of them can push this conversation in interesting directions.
>>
>> 1) Whither identity in post-PC, post-racial (heh) cyberculture and the
>> continual fragmentation of online representation?  Are we our devices?  Our
>> wearables?  Our profiles?
>>
>> 2) Isn't it past time that research into performances of identity and
>> online representation start addressing Whiteness?  Particularly in the
>> light of GamerGate, MRAs, and #alllivesmatter, where is the corresponding
>> research into how racial ideologies shape White online identity, especially
>> since the aforementioned online movements draw heavily upon
>> digitally-mediated beliefs about race and gender?
>>
>> Brenda Laurel's excellent commentary last week referenced race and
>> GamerGate, but I am always troubled when deviant activities are assumed to
>> be perpetrated by deviant society members.  Brenda's (if i may be so bold)
>> argument that GamerGaters are men with "poor educations and a degree of
>> poverty" seems to let 'brogrammers', Kleiner Perkins VCs, and other highly
>> educated wealthy white (and non-whites afflicted by false consciousness
>> (yeah, I said it) men and women off the hook.  Just like Klansmen were
>> usually highly respected businessmen in their communities, much of the
>> racist and sexist online activities we see daily are done by elites, not
>> just by the dispossessed.
>>
>> *Kishonna, i know that your work addresses race and gender specifically
>> WRT gaming, but (correct me if i'm wrong) not many folk are making
>> connections between XBL gamer behavior and GamerGater behavior.*
>>
>> 3) With the maturation of minority political activism in social networks
>> (#blacklivesmatter) and near parity in material access/broadband access
>> through mobile devices, is it time for new media/internet research to move
>> past online identity politics and online representation?  /sarcasm
>> If so, where do we go from here?
>>
>> That's all i have for now...i look forward to seeing what's on the minds
>> of my co-panelists and the empyre audience.  Thanks for having me!
>>
>> PS - Ms. Anna, congrats on the new publication!
>>
>>>
>>>
>>
>> _______________________________________________
>> empyre forum
>> empyre at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au
>> http://empyre.library.cornell.edu
>>
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> ------------------------------
>
> Message: 4
> Date: Thu, 16 Apr 2015 10:49:02 -0700
> From: Soraya Murray <semurray at ucsc.edu>
> To: soft_skinned_space <empyre at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au>
> Subject: Re: [-empyre-] Welcome to Week 3 on -empyre-: Internet/Online
>         Representation
> Message-ID: <81815D7A-80E2-46AA-9CDC-760B322292D7 at ucsc.edu>
> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii
>
> There are, once again, so many avenues for possible discussion, and I would definitely like to encourage "listeners" and lurkers to jump in with your questions and comments.
>
> If I may begin, there are several threads that run through each of our guests' initial posts. One of these is this slippage between what is not presence/absence, but more accurately recognition/lack of recognition. It seems that all of you are in some way either revising scholarship of online representation to include the under- or mis-represented, or mining the information to unveil realities that may not conform to the dominant understanding of who plays, who is online, etc.
>
> This also revolves around developing a methodology/methodologies that can be intersectional. Professor Everett mentioned the work of Cornel West briefly. However, in general my own experience is that these kinds of interventions-- especially utilizing tools of identity politics, multiculturalism, politics of recognition, cultural studies approaches, postmodern critique and the like, are still considered incompatible with discussions of advanced mass communication technologies. I would like to ask our guests (and empyreans):
>
> Is this characterization consistent with your experience?
> What interventions (beyond your own) are you coming across that seem to effectively integrate these concerns?
> What are the sites of optimism around bringing together intersectional discussions of identity with Online Representation?
>
> ___________________________
> Soraya Murray, Ph.D.
> Assistant Professor
> Film + Digital Media Department
> University of California, Santa Cruz
>
>
>
>
> ------------------------------
>
> _______________________________________________
> empyre mailing list
> empyre at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au
> http://empyre.library.cornell.edu
>
>
> End of empyre Digest, Vol 124, Issue 14
> ***************************************
>
>
> ------------------------------
>
> Message: 2
> Date: Thu, 16 Apr 2015 19:40:40 -0700
> From: Soraya Murray <semurray at ucsc.edu>
> To: soft_skinned_space <empyre at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au>
> Subject: Re: [-empyre-] In response to Dr. Brock
> Message-ID: <AC2F22A0-2BC4-4013-B2AF-D4A3812A9706 at ucsc.edu>
> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=windows-1252
>
> As I recall, there has been some significant work done on denaturalizing the category of "Whiteness"  -- for example the excellent work done by Richard Dyer entitled White: Essays on Race and Culture (1997); Whiteness: A Wayward Construction by Tyler Stallings (2003?) and Nell Irvin Painter's provocative The History of White People.  These are the ones that spring to mind immediately, though there are many more...
>
> -Soraya
>
> ___________________________
> Soraya Murray, Ph.D.
> Assistant Professor
> Film + Digital Media Department
> University of California, Santa Cruz
>
>
>
> ------------------------------
>
> Message: 3
> Date: Fri, 17 Apr 2015 06:32:36 -0700
> From: Anna Everett <everett at filmandmedia.ucsb.edu>
> To: soft_skinned_space <empyre at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au>
> Subject: Re: [-empyre-] In response to Dr. Brock
> Message-ID:
>         <CANKiRrywCkZd5+iTrDcPOvq-EfKsN-sHrM9mrqKMr36SD7Qdww at mail.gmail.com>
> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8
>
> Yes, Soraya, there are many more. Another important contribution, for
> example, is George Lipsitz's book THE POSSESSIVE INVESTMENT IN
> WHITENESS: HOW WHITE PEOPLE PROFIT FROM IDENTITY POLITICS. I want to
> respond to my co-panelists' smart introductory remarks, which I will
> do shortly. It is not easy for loquacious professors to be profound in
> 300 words or less. But, again, I will try, shortly.
>
>
>
> On Thu, Apr 16, 2015 at 7:40 PM, Soraya Murray <semurray at ucsc.edu> wrote:
>> ----------empyre- soft-skinned space----------------------
>> As I recall, there has been some significant work done on denaturalizing the category of "Whiteness"  -- for example the excellent work done by Richard Dyer entitled White: Essays on Race and Culture (1997); Whiteness: A Wayward Construction by Tyler Stallings (2003?) and Nell Irvin Painter's provocative The History of White People.  These are the ones that spring to mind immediately, though there are many more...
>>
>> -Soraya
>>
>> ___________________________
>> Soraya Murray, Ph.D.
>> Assistant Professor
>> Film + Digital Media Department
>> University of California, Santa Cruz
>>
>> _______________________________________________
>> empyre forum
>> empyre at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au
>> http://empyre.library.cornell.edu
>
>
>
> --
> Anna Everett, Ph.D.
> Professor
>
> Department of Film and Media Studies
> 2322 Social Sciences and Media Studies (SSMS) Bldg.
> University of California
> Santa Barbara, CA  93106-4010
> Email:  everett at filmandmedia.ucsb.edu
> Phone: 805.893.8706
> Fax:   805 893.8630
> <http://www.filmandmedia.ucsb.edu/people/faculty/everett/everett.html>
>
>
> ------------------------------
>
> _______________________________________________
> empyre mailing list
> empyre at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au
> http://empyre.library.cornell.edu
>
>
> End of empyre Digest, Vol 124, Issue 15
> ***************************************
> _______________________________________________
> empyre forum
> empyre at lists.artdesign.unsw.edu.au
> http://empyre.library.cornell.edu



-- 
Anna Everett, Ph.D.
Professor

Department of Film and Media Studies
2322 Social Sciences and Media Studies (SSMS) Bldg.
University of California
Santa Barbara, CA  93106-4010
Email:  everett at filmandmedia.ucsb.edu
Phone: 805.893.8706
Fax:   805 893.8630
<http://www.filmandmedia.ucsb.edu/people/faculty/everett/everett.html>


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