[-empyre-] Borders and Technologies (Vietnam War) - Operation Igloo White

Ana Valdés agora158 at gmail.com
Sat Feb 13 06:14:51 AEDT 2016

But ppl in Gaza defies drones and sophisticated surveillance tools digging
tunnels and masking them in metallic paper. I was in one of them in Khan
Yunis in Gaza for a few years ago and it was eerie and amazing to find
yourself several meters below the Earth in the most contested border in the
Den 12 feb 2016 19:09 skrev "Ricardo Dominguez" <rrdominguez at ucsd.edu>:

> ----------empyre- soft-skinned space----------------------
> Hola Tod at s,
> The relationship between war driven technologies and borderization is a
> long one and I thought this article allows to to consider this
> history. One aspect that I find particularly odd, but I am sure is at play
> even now-is the "people-sniffer" system to pick up the scent
> of the "enemies" sweat and urine. That was then spoofed by the North
> Vietnamese via buckets of urine to redirect U.S. Arm Forces. A
> tradition that still continues on the Mexico/U.S. border now in terms of
> what might be named as "science of the oppressed.":
> "From 1968 until 1973, the US military spent about $1 billion a year on a
> new computer-powered initiative intended to end the war in Vietnam. It went
> by many names over the years — including Practice Nine, Muscle Shoals,
> Illinois City and Dye Marker. But today it’s most commonly known as
> Operation Igloo White.
> Despite being a high-priced technological failure for the US military,
> Igloo White was the first real-time, computer-driven surveillance operation
> program, set up during the Vietnam War.
> The US military sought to build a virtual fence dividing North and South
> Vietnam. And in the process they helped to invent the modern electronic
> battlefield, whose technologies came back to the US in the early 1970s,
> where they were quickly deployed against drug cartels, smugglers, and
> anyone else trying to cross the border from Mexico. Igloo White also formed
> the bedrock of a border surveillance revolution that’s ongoing today. At
> the US-Mexico border, drones stalk the skies and electronic sensors
> <http://gizmodo.com/americas-already-building-a-wall-on-the-mexican-border-1728007994>
> alert Border Patrol agents to anyone trying to cross into the United
> States."
> http://paleofuture.gizmodo.com/how-the-vietnam-war-brought-high-tech-border-surveillan-1694647526
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